The Erechtheion (latinized as Erechtheum /ɪˈrɛkθiəm, ˌɛrɪkˈθiːəm/; Ancient Greek: Ἐρέχθειον, Greek: Ερέχθειο) or Temple of Athena Polias (Ancient Greek: Ναὸς τῆς Ἀθηνᾶς τῆς Πολιάδος, Greek: Ναός της Αθηνάς Πολιάδος) is an ancient Greek Ionic temple-telesterion on the north side of the Acropolis, Athens, which was primarily dedicated to the goddess Athena. The building, made to house the statue of Athena Polias, has in modern scholarship been called the Erechtheion (the sanctuary of Erechtheus or Poseidon) in the belief that Pausanias' description of the Erechtheion applies to this building. However, whether the Erechtheion referred to by Pausanias is indeed the Ionic temple or an entirely different building has become a point of contention in recent decades. In the official decrees the building is referred to as “... το͂ νεὸ το͂ ἐμ πόλει ἐν ο͂ι τὸ ἀρχαῖον ἄγαλμα” (the temple on the Akropolis within which is the ancient statue). In other instances it is referred to as the Temple of the Polias. The joint cult of Athena and Poseidon-Erechtheus appears to have been established on the Akropolis at a very early period, and they were even worshipped in the same temple as may, according to the traditional view, be inferred from two passages in Homer and also from later Greek texts. The extant building is the successor of several temples and buildings on the site. Its precise date of construction is unknown; it has traditionally been thought to have been built from circa 421-406 BC, but more recent scholarship favors a date in the 430s, when it could have been part of the programme of works instigated by Perikles.
The Erechtheion is unique in the corpus of Greek temples in that its asymmetrical composition doesn’t conform to the canon of Greek classical architecture. This is attributed either to the irregularity of the site, or to the evolving and complex nature of the cults which the building housed, or it is conjectured to be the incomplete part of a larger symmetrical building. Additionally, its post-classical history of change of use, damage and spoliation has made it one of the more problematic sites in classical archaeology. The precise nature and location of the various religious and architectural elements within the building remain the subject of debate. The temple was nonetheless a seminal example of the classical Ionic style, and was highly influential on later Hellenistic, Roman and Greek Revival architecture.
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Leggo Tung Lei | Feb 6, 2018
Temple of Erected at Temple of the Acropolis is a representative of the Acropolis, this ancient Greek architecture more than 2000 years of history without the magnificent Padman temple, but the temple of the caryatids, lifelike statue of the woman Carved into the pillars, it is impressive when the Greeks have such superb artistic attainments and engraving techniques. After seeing the Padre temple, it is common for one to first notice the Padman temple before seeing the other buildings next to it. The temple's pillars are quite special and are the six girls with baskets styling, quite special and worth seeing (of course you can see them in the museum of course) The temple is part of the Acropolis complex . Here are the characteristic porches of the Caryatids, which seem to be the most well-preserved or well-restored part of the ruins. Although the Parthenon may be the most famous and largest attraction in Athens, I think the Temple of Erected at God is even more in line with my appetite. If you come, be sure to walk around it and take a look around. Here is a true testimony of the Greek civilization of art, architecture and civilization. This temple is located in the corner of the Acropolis, unlike other square temples, the temple is a girl's pillars, not as much as other body mass, but it seems a lot of soft, carved lifelike, admire Endless.
Ines Alexiou | Feb 13, 2018
Just stunning when you something that is older than 200 years. Simply amazing
Ognian Dimitrov | Dec 10, 2017
A relatively well preserved temple in the Ionic-style Acropolis. Here, the most interesting are Tsararyatids - columns shaped like a female statue. Keep in mind that the real ones are in the Acropolis Museum, and those in the temple are just spears.
Rodrigo D | Oct 30, 2017
Less well known than the Parthenon, it’s unique structure and the fact that was simultaneously a cult place for several Greek gods and burial place of a king, makes this temple a very special one. It has interesting “signs” of Athena Polias and Poseidon. Try to find them. Tips: one is a vegetable one and a other crosses the ceiling. It’s most well known feature though is the Porch of the Karyatids, all six here are reproductions. You can see five of the magnificent female draped figures in the New Acropolis Museum. The sixth one is in the British Museum.
Peter Stendys | Feb 10, 2018
Interesting and beautiful. One of the many important places on the Acropolis
Pierros Zevolis | Mar 18, 2018
Beautiful ancient temple at the top of the hill of Acropolis of Athens. Good photo opportunities, panoramic view of Athens city.
jorge garcia rey | May 7, 2018
One of my favourite Greek temples with the outstanding Porch of the Caryatids - although these are copies of the original ones (one can be seen at the British museum, and the other five at the acropolis museum) due to its choppy history. The temple was built at different heights and tried to preserve several shrines, but it is widely believed to be dedicated to Athena.
Alex Dragovic | Apr 29, 2018
One of the most beautiful temples on the Acropolis.Dont forget to check out the mythical olive tree on the other side of the temple.
Kristina Lozanova | May 5, 2018
On my opinion- the most beautiful building on the Acropolis! Really magical!
Shane R | Jun 5, 2018
Absolutely spectacular, like the sirens of ancient myth you'll find yourself spellbound and unable to resist the powerful call of this truly amazing archaeological wonder.... Enjoy my friends...history awaits you :)
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