Ayvalık is a city in Northern Aegean, Turkey. It’s located on the southern coast of the Gulf of Edremit (part of Aegean Sea), across from the eastern coast of Greek island of Lesvos, opposite its capital (Mytilene).
Ayvalık was an important trade centre during Ottoman times, it had an autonomous status and many European powers even set up consulates. The city then was almost completely inhabited by Greeks, who were exchanged with Turks from Crete when a population swap was mandated between governments of Turkey and Greece in 1923. The fusion of local Greek and Cretan cultures caused the character of today’s Ayvalık: while most of the physical historical heritage is clearly Greek, the everyday culture lived on the streets between those buildings, including the local food, is mainly Cretan.
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