Art & History Museum

Brussels, Belgium

Art & History Museum


The Art & History Museum (French: Musée Art & Histoire, Dutch: Museum Kunst & Geschiedenis) is a public museum in Brussels, Belgium, which is one of the constituents of the Royal Museums of Art and History (RMAH). It is located in the Cinquantenaire Park and was previously called the Cinquantenaire Museum (French: Musée du Cinquantenaire, Dutch: Jubelpark Museum). It is one of the largest museums in Europe.

The museum's first collections were assembled during the reigns of the Dukes of Burgundy and subsequently the Habsburg archdukes, and were placed in various locations in Brussels, their capital. In 1847, the newly formed Kingdom of Belgium acquired the artworks which were placed in the Halle Gate under the name of Musée royal d'Armures, d'Antiquités et d'Ethnologie ("Royal Museum of Armour, Antiquities and Ethnology"). By 1889, the gate had become too small and the collections were relocated to the Cinquantenaire Park (except for the armour and weapons which still remain in the gate). The Cinquantenaire used to be a military training facility until the 1880 National Exhibition when the large iron, glass and steel Cinquantenaire Palace was built with a military museum in the north wing.

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