Babylon Fortress (Arabic: حصن بابليون; Coptic: ⲡⲁⲃⲓⲗⲱⲛ or Ⲃⲁⲃⲩⲗⲱⲛ) is an ancient fortress in the Nile Delta, located in the area known today as Coptic Cairo. It is situated in the former area of the Heliopolite Nome, upon the east bank of the Nile, at latitude 30°N, near the commencement of the Pharaonic Canal (also called Ptolemy's Canal and Trajan's Canal), from the Nile to the Red Sea.
It was at the boundary between Lower and Middle Egypt, where the river craft paid tolls when ascending or descending the Nile. Diodorus ascribes the erection of the first fort to rebel Assyrian captives in the reign of Sesostris, and Ctesias dates it to the time of Semiramis; but Josephus, with greater probability, attributes its structure to some Babylonian followers of Cambyses, in 525 BC. The Romans built a new fortress nearer the river, with typically Roman red and white banded masonry.
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Julie Irwin | Feb 28, 2018
Beautiful icons and mosaics. A great insight into the Coptic Christian religion and it's relics. Beautiful architecture.
Miroslava Surinova | Dec 23, 2017
One of the most interesting examples of Late Roman military architecture. The fortress was built in the time of emperor Diocletian, however it incomporated into it a older Roman structure a canal of Trajan. The south and water gate are heavly reconstracted, but the reconstruction is very well done.
Big G | Nov 19, 2017
This is the place where the holy family came and stayed in Egypt after running from King Harold and this is the oldest church in Cairo for the Copic Christians
Marina Ragheb | Nov 14, 2017
It keeps all the historical environment, i love the ancient roads, the churches, the museum and everything
Doaa Zaki | Mar 1, 2018
What a historical place , needs more attention
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