Zawiya of Sidi Abdelkader al-Fassi

Fès, Morocco

Zawiya of Sidi Abdelkader al-Fassi

The Zawiya of Sidi Abdelkader al-Fassi, also known as the Zawiya al-Fassiya, is historically one of the most important zawiyas (religious complex and Sufi sanctuary) in Fes, Morocco.: 133 : 64–65  It is named after Sidi Abdelkader al-Fassi (also spelled Abd al-Qadir al-Fassi), a highly important 17th-century Muslim scholar, mufti, and Sufi saint of the city who is buried in the zawiya.: 278  The building is located in the Qalqliyin neighbourhood in the south of Fes el-Bali, the old medina of Fes. It was one of several zawiya sites in the city and across the country which were associated to the al-Fassiya tradition of Sufism.

The first "Zawiya al-Fassiya" was first established by Abdelkader's ancestor, Abu al-Mahasin (died in 1604), a Muslim scholar from Ksar el-Kebir and from a bourgeois family of Andalusi origin. Before coming to Fes, Abu al-Mahasin won some favour with the Saadian sultan Ahmad al-Mansur thanks to the warriors he sent to fight in the Battle of Ksar el-Kebir (also known as the Battle of the Three Kings) in 1578. He moved to Fes in 1580 and started a zawiya by teaching in his own house in the al-Mukhfiya neighbourhood (in the Andalusiyyin quarter of the city), which quickly developed into an important center of scholarship on its own. Abu al-Mahasin purchased neighbouring houses to accommodate its expansion and in 1596 converted one of the houses into a mosque for his zawiya, designating his son Abu al-Abbas Ahmad al-Hafiz as imam. The zawiya's teachings followed al-Jazuli's school of thought (itself within the Shadhili order) and those of Abd al-Rahman al-Majdub (died 1569), an earlier Sufi sheikh who spent time in Fes and who was Abu al-Mahasin's teacher.

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