The church of San Barnaba is a small Renaissance-style church in the center of Florence, at the corner of Via Panicale and Via Guelfa
Initially built in the 14th century by the Chapter of St Lawrence, in memory of the June 11, 1289 victory at the Battle of Campaldino of the Guelphs from Florence over Ghibelline opponents from Arezzo. The poet, Dante Alighieri is said to have fought with the Guelph cavalry. After 1356, the church was affiliated with the Augustinian order, housed in an adjacent convent. In the 16th century, the complex was granted to a Carmelite order, and the underwent rebuilding of the church, including the elaborate gilded wooden ceiling, completed in 1717 by Giovanni Vernaccini. The convent was suppressed and converted into apartments. The church is part of the parish of San Lorenzo.
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