Historisches Museum Hannover is a historical museum Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany, founded in 1903 as Vaterländisches Museum der Stadt Hannover. Its collections are related to the history of the city, the history of the governing House of Welf, and of the state of Lower Saxony.
The museum, run by the city of Hanover, was opened on 26 April 1903 as Vaterländisches Museum in the Cumberlandsche Galerie. The foundation took place on the initiative of the Heimatbund Niedersachsen. In 1937 the museum was renamed as Niedersächsisches Volkstumsmuseum. It was destroyed in 1943 by the Bombing of Hanover in World War II. From 1950 the provisional reconstruction began under the temporary name of Niedersächsisches Heimatmuseum. In 1966 the museum was opened under its present name in a new building designed by the architect Dieter Oesterlen. The "Verein der Freunde des Historischen Museums" supports the work of the museum financially and ideally.
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