İsmail Enver Pasha (Ottoman Turkish: اسماعیل انور پاشا; Turkish: İsmail Enver Paşa; 22 November 1881 – 4 August 1922) was an Ottoman military officer who formed one-third of the dictatorial triumvirate known as the "Three Pashas" (along with Talaat Pasha and Cemal Pasha) in the Ottoman Empire.
Enver was an early member of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), a Young Turk organization that agitated against Abdul Hamid II's absolute rule. He was a key leader of the 1908 Young Turk Revolution, and along with Ahmed Niyazi and Eyub Sabri was hailed as "hero of the revolution". After the 1913 Ottoman coup d’état that brought the CUP directly to power, Enver Pasha became (4 January 1914) the Minister of War, and was part of a group known as the "Three Pashas" (along with Talaat Pasha and Cemal Pasha) which held de facto rule over the Ottoman Empire from 1913 until the end of World War I in 1918.
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