Lublin is a city in eastern Poland and the capital of Lublin Voivodeship with a population of 324 637 (2016). In the Middle Ages Lublin played an important role in the life of the Polish state as a trade centre and as a city with military significance. Today, most travellers to Lublin will be there to visit the Majdanek Memorial and Museum - a former Nazi German concentration camp.
First mentioned in 13th century, Lublin reached its "golden age" in 16th century, when - due to its central location between Kraków (capital of Poland) and Vilnius (capital of Lithuania) - it was chosen as the place where the Union of Lublin was signed, effectively uniting the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania for several centuries. Due to its location at a crossroads between the rest of Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Russia, the city was always a melting pot of different cultures - an important centre of Judaism as well as of the Christian reformation movement. From the 17th century onwards, together with the rest of the country, it suffered a gradual decline.