Magnitogorsk (Russian: Магнитого́рск muhg-nee-tah-GOHRSK) is a city in Russia.
The "Magnetite mountain" that lends the place its name was once its chief feature, a mountain almost entirely composed of iron ore. It was heavily mined, and the iron locally smelted, throughout the 1930s, during the days of Stalin's Five-Year-Plans. The mountain's mines have been mostly exhausted by the present day, but Magnitogorsk still sees heavy smelting activity processing ores from other parts of Russia and other former Soviet republics. The years of smelting have taken an ecological toll on the city.
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