Mdina (Maltese: L-Imdina [lɪmˈdɪnɐ]; Phoenician: 𐤌𐤋𐤈, Maleṭ, Ancient Greek: Μελίττη Melíttē, Arabic: مدينة Madinah, Italian: Medina), also known by its titles Città Vecchia or Città Notabile, is a fortified city in the Northern Region of Malta which served as the island's capital from antiquity to the medieval period. The city is still confined within its walls, and has a population of just under 300, but it is contiguous with the town of Rabat, which takes its name from the Arabic word for suburb, and has a population of over 11,000 (as of March 2014).
The city was founded as Maleth in around the 8th century BC by Phoenician settlers, and was later renamed Melite by the Romans. Ancient Melite was larger than present-day Mdina, and it was reduced to its present size during the Byzantine or Arab occupation of Malta. During the latter period, the city adopted its present name, which derives from the Arabic word medina. The city remained the capital of Malta throughout the Middle Ages, until the arrival of the Order of St. John in 1530, when Birgu became the administrative centre of the island. Mdina experienced a period of decline over the following centuries, although it saw a revival in the early 18th century. At this point, it acquired several Baroque features, although it did not lose its medieval character.
Erhan Shentyurk | Mar 18, 2018
Take your partner there with you, its picturesque and quiet.
D PK | May 15, 2018
Exceptional views from the bastions
carrot 4all | Mar 31, 2018
Must see, beautiful houses, you can bye here sovenires and tasty ice cream
Petri Kuittinen | Mar 2, 2018
Good View. Not for those with fear of heights.
Wiciu S | Nov 21, 2017
Awesome view at the hole island ! You can see from above Valletta, Saint Paul`s Bay, airport.
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