Novosibirsk Rail Bridge

Novosibirsk, Russia

Novosibirsk Rail Bridge

The Novosibirsk Rail Bridge is a single-track railway bridge, located at the crossroads of the main branch of Trans-Siberian Railway and the Ob River. It was built in the period between 1893 and 1897 to a design by Nikolai Belelyubsky. The location of the bridge was selected by Nikolai Garin-Mikhailovsky. It is believed that the decision to start the bridge construction near the village of Krivoschekovo (Russian: Кривощёково) was the moment of foundation for the city of Novosibirsk.

The choice of where to construct the future bridge proved to be a major challenge. In accordance with the original draft, the railway line was expected to be laid through the town of Tomsk, which required a bridge across the Ob River about 55 km west of Tomsk, at a place where the Ob river overflowed its banks in spring. It was not proper for construction and required selection of a new location. This work is generally understood to be done by Nikolai Garin-Mikhailovsky (known not only as a railway engineer, but also as a writer). He proposed the only narrow site with rocky outcrops on the surface. The site, about 200 km southwest of Tomsk at what is now Novosibirsk, was just beyond the north end to the Salair Ridge, which might explain the rocks.

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