Palembang is the capital of the province of South Sumatra. The second largest city in Sumatra Island, about 2 million inhabitants have filled the area right before the delta of the Musi River, and acts as the economic centre for southern Sumatra.
Palembang was founded as the capital city of the Srivijaya Kingdom in the 7th Century, which was the largest Buddhist kingdom in Indonesia. For centuries, it was a sprawling centre of trade, government, and religion. When Srivijaya fell in the 14th Century, Palembang came under the control of the Java-based Majapahit Empire. The Majapahit would rule the city for a century, after which the city became the centre of the Palembang Sultanate. The Sultanate lasted until 1825, when the Dutch seized the area. Under Dutch rule, canals were built and the Musi River was optimised for trade and transportation.