Perth is a city in Perth and Kinross in northeast Scotland. It stands at a point where the River Tay channels between hills, turns sharply and becomes tidal and navigable. It lost its "city" status in the late 20th century but local signage successfully remained in denial about this until 2012 when Perth's status was restored. Its chief attraction is Scone Palace.
Medieval Scottish kings didn't have a fixed capital but their usual abode was "Saint John's Town" at nearby Scone - that name is perpetuated by the local football team St Johnstone. The writer Sir Walter Scott wove the royal dynastic intrigues and adventures into his novel The Fair Maid of Perth, and the place became known as "The Fair City". Perth in Western Australia takes its name from here, as does Perth, Ontario.