Rat Burana (Thai: ราษฎร์บูรณะ, pronounced [râːt būːrānáʔ]) is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by (clockwise from east to north) Amphoe Phra Pradaeng of Samut Prakan Province, Thung Khru, Chom Thong and Thon Buri districts of Bangkok while its north to east is Chao Phraya River with (clockwise) Bang Kho Laem and Yan Nawa districts across the river.
The area was settled as a frontier for Thonburi when King Taksin established Thonburi as the new capital. Later administration reform placed Rat Burana as an amphoe of Thonburi province. It was then moved to Nakhon Khuan Khan province (now Amphoe Phra Pradaeng) until the province was demoted to an amphoe of Samut Prakan Province. It was then moved back to Thonburi province until Thonburi and Bangkok were merged. It is now a district of Bangkok. In 1998, part of Rat Burana left to form a new district, Thung Khru.