Tranent is the largest of a string of villages in East Lothian in central Scotland that have been industrial since medieval times. The other villages include Prestonpans, Cockenzie, Longniddry and Port Seton. Monks from nearby Newbattle Abbey mined coal here from the 13th century, and worked salt pans along the coast (hence "priest-town-pans", Prestonpans). There were also quarries, distilleries, breweries, tanneries, metal-working, potteries and brickworks. These all became uneconomic in the 20th C and the mining industry dwindled; today the area is a commuter belt for nearby Edinburgh.
By bus: East Coast Bus 104 runs every 30 mins from Edinburgh via Musselburgh, Wallyford and Tranent to Haddington. Bus 106 starts from Fort Kinnaird retail park then follows the same route from Musselburgh through Tranent to Haddington; change at Haddington for buses to Dunbar and Berwick-upon-Tweed. Bus 113 runs from Edinburgh via Musselburgh, Wallyford, Tranent and Ormiston to Pencaitland. There are night buses along these routes.
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