The Palais Erzherzog Ludwig Viktor is one of the best known Ringstraßenpalais in Vienna. It was built between 1863 and 1866. The first building to be built on the Schwarzenbergplatz, it is now a subsidiary house of the Burgtheater.
In 1861 the architect Heinrich Freiherr von Ferstel was commissioned to design a monument to Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg on Vienna's Glacis and a square named Schwarzenbergplatz. The Palais was the first building on this new square. It was built for Emperor Franz Joseph I's younger brother Archduke Ludwig Viktor, but it was only completed in 1866 and so he did not use it long before being banished to Schloss Klessheim in Salzburg.
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