Tiergarten Schönbrunn

Vienna, Austria

Tiergarten Schönbrunn

9.4

Tiergarten Schönbrunn – Schönbrunn Zoo – was established by the Habsburgs in the park of Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna’s 13th district of Hietzing in 1752 and is today the world’s oldest zoo that is still in operation. Zoologist Stephan Hering-Hagenbeck has been the zoo’s director since 2020. Schönbrunn Zoo has been recording more than two million visitors every year since 2006. It presents around 8,000 animals from 700 species on an area of 17 hectares. Anthony Sheridan’s zoo rankings recognised Schönbrunn Zoo as the best zoo in Europe five times in a row (2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2018).

Schönbrunn Zoo was the brainchild of Franz Stephan of Lorraine, the husband of Maria Theresia. Franz Stephan, who had been elected as Franz I, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nations, in 1745, commissioned the architect Jean Nicolas Jadot de Ville-Issey to design a menagerie in the park at the Habsburg-Lorraine’s new summer residence in Schönbrunn.

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